LEADER 00000cam  22004695i 4500 
001    OCM1ssj0000508159 
003    WaSeSS 
005    20170407180242.0 
006    m        d         
007    cr  n          
008    110617s2011    ne |    s    |||| 0|eng d 
020    9789048126422 
024 7  10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2|2doi 
035    (WaSeSS)ssj0000508159 
040    |dWaSeSS 
050  4 GB1001-1199.8 
082 04 551.4|223 
100 1  Bishop, Michael P. 
245 10 Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers|h[electronic 
       resource] /|cedited by Vijay P. Singh, Pratap Singh, Umesh
       K. Haritashya. 
260    Dordrecht :|bSpringer Netherlands,|c2011. 
300    XLVI, 1253 p. 659 illus., 428 illus. in colour. 
       eReference.|bonline resource. 
347    text file|bPDF|2rda 
490 1  Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series, 
520    The earth's cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers and 
       ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake
       ice, and frozen ground, contains about 75% of the earth's 
       fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the 
       tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in 
       controlling the global climate system. It also provides 
       direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, 
       and, therefore, requires proper understanding of the 
       complex dynamics. This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the 
       various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers
       other cryospheric branches, and provides an up-to-date 
       information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It 
       includes alphabetically arranged and professionally 
       written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles
       by well-known international experts in individual fields. 
       The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, 
       ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for 
       snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes 
       in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers 
       and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages;
       glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface 
       characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape 
       formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost 
       degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and 
       trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with 
       the impact of climate change. This book can serve as a 
       source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate 
       level and help better understand snow, ice and glaciers. 
       This will also be an indispensable tool containing 
       specialized literature for geologists, geographers, 
       climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources 
       engineers; as well as to those who are engaged in the 
       practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth 
       sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, 
       ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects. 
650  0 Geography. 
650  0 Hydraulic engineering. 
650  0 Physical geography. 
650  0 Forests and forestry. 
650  0 Climatic changes. 
650  0 Environmental management. 
700 1  Björnsson, Helgi. 
700 1  Haeberli, Wilfried. 
700 1  Oerlemans, Johannes. 
700 1  Shroder, John F. 
700 1  Tranter, Martyn. 
700 1  Singh, Vijay P. 
700 1  Singh, Pratap. 
700 1  Haritashya, Umesh Kumar. 
710 2  SpringerLink (Online service) 
830  0 Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series,|x1388-4360 
856 40 |uhttps://link.springer.com/openurl?genre=book&isbn=978-90
       -481-2641-5|zFull text available from SpringerLink ebooks 
       - Earth and Environmental Science (2011)